Pusering Jagat Temple (Pura Luhur Pusering Jagat)
The Pusering Jagat Temple is located in the Village of Pejeng, in the Tampaksiring District, about 7 kilometers away from Gianyar city or a 70 minute tour from Bali’s major tourist destinations such as Seminyak.
Pusering Jagat Temple dates back to the 11th century but developed its importance about 300 years later when the Pejeng Village was situated in the exact centre of one ancient Balinese empire. The name is also derived from this fact as the literal translation of Pusering Jagat Temple is “Temple in the Navel of the World”. Additionally legends state that the world’s life and its civilizations were started at Pura Pusering Jagat.
The point of interest here is the meter-high elaborately carved holy water vessel which has a detailed representation that portrays the Hindu myth of "the churning of the sea of milk” sculpted into its exterior. In a nearby pavilion another significant icon can be found, it is a meter-high phallic lingam and its female receptacle, the yoni which is an important shrine for Balinese infertile couples and newlyweds.
Bali's 9 key directional temples are:
- Purah Besakih (Mother Temple), located on the western slopes of Gunung Agung in East Bali
- Pura Lempuyang (Lempuyang Temple), located on the slopes of Gunung Lempuyang, near Amlapura in East Balii
- Pura Luhur Batukaru (Batukaru Temple), located on the southern slopes of Gunung Batukaru in Central Bali
- Pura Luhur Uluwatu (Uluwatu Temple), located on the western end of the Bukit Peninsula
- Pura Ulun Danu Batur (Batur Temple), located at Kintamani in the Eastern Highlands
- Pura Goa Lawah (Bat Cave Temple), located on the main road near Padangbai in East Bali
- Pura Andakasa (Andakasa Temple), located on the summit of Mount Andakasa
- Pura Puncak Mangu (Puncak Mangu Temple), located on the top of Mount Catur, 2096 meter above the sea level
- Pura Pusering Jagat (Pusering Jagat Temple), located in the center of Bali, close to Gianyar city.